How to plan a garden in the country

Before you break the garden at your summer cottage, carefully and carefully think through all the nuances. Plants have their own requirements for growth and development. Under adverse conditions, neither vegetables, nor fruits with berries will grow well.

Important factors when choosing a place in the garden

The most important condition for planning the garden is the presence of the sun in this area for a long time of day. In this case, the plants will not only develop well, but will produce a natural scent. In addition, the same condition prevents accumulation of nitrates in cultures. Shaded landings do not give the result that summer residents expect. In the end, disappointment comes.
The next important factor to pay attention to is the wind. Moreover, the negative impact on plants as a constant wind, and the complete absence of it. At constant air temperature will decrease, and the plants will not have enough heat.In addition, there are a number of crops in which flowers can fly around from strong winds, and fertilization will not occur, as well as the crop. This cherry, sweet cherry, gooseberry, cucumbers also do not like drafts. In a windless place, fungal diseases often develop and pests appear.
The close occurrence of groundwater will negatively affect the growth of fruit trees and berry bushes. In this case, the roots of the plants will rot and, accordingly, this will negatively affect the yield.
The structure of the soil and its chemical composition are also important for plants. On heavy clay soils, no crop will grow well. Therefore, if you have just such a soil, it must be regularly improved.

We make a plan for the breakdown of the beds and garden

In order to visualize how and where your beds will be located, it is better to first put them on paper. In addition, you need to consider which plants are good neighbors, and which near it is better not to plant. You also need to know which crops will be good predecessors for future plantings, and which ones are better not to plant after specific vegetables. So, for early white cabbage and cauliflower, the best precursors will be tomatoes,onions on a turnip or potatoes, for middle and late white cabbage - tomatoes, potatoes or legumes (peas, beans, beans), and for peppers, eggplants or tomatoes - cucumbers, early white and cauliflower. For onions on a turnip and plantations - early potatoes, early cabbage, tomatoes or cucumbers, for garlic - early cabbage, tomatoes or cucumbers, for cucumbers - cauliflower and early cabbage, and for carrots - early varieties of cabbage and potatoes, green cultures except salad.
Beets are better not to plant after the early varieties of cabbage and potatoes, legumes and pumpkin crops. Potatoes are recommended to be planted after pumpkin crops and cabbage, as well as after legumes, green crops, except for lettuce - after cucumbers and cabbage.
The following crops grow poorly together: beans - onions, garlic; peas - onions, garlic, tomato; cabbage - parsley; potatoes - celery, sunflower; cucumbers - potatoes; onions - beans, beans, peas; salad - carrots, beets; beets - beans, potatoes; tomatoes - dill, kohlrabi; pumpkin - potatoes; beans - onion, garlic; garlic - peas, cabbage, beans.
Fruit trees can be positioned both along the borders of the vegetable garden and in its middle.Of course, for the second option it is better to acquire varieties of trees on a dwarf or semi-dwarf rootstock. Berry bushes also have their own requirements for growing. Some people like the place higher, while others grow well in lower places.
Considering all these moments, you can plan and create a garden that will delight you every year with a stunning harvest.

Date: 12.10.2018, 01:06 / Views: 43285

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