How to choose panels for finishing facades of private houses
The range of panels for finishing the facades of private houses on the market is huge. Each type of panels has its own characteristics, on which depends not only the future appearance of the house, but also the duration of the facing operation, and the complexity of installation. Choose the most appropriate material to take into account the specifics of the construction of the house, the climatic conditions of the region of residence and a number of other criteria.
What are the functions of facades
The owner of the house with the purchase of cladding material for the facade is counting on a long service life, maintaining the aesthetic appearance of the walls even after several years and, of course, on the acceptable cost of the panels.
The decorative qualities of the front panels are certainly important, especially if the facade is maintained in a certain style, but not alone they must determine the rational choice of such material.Facade slabs are also intended to protect against natural destructive factors: moisture, wind, high and low temperatures, and so on.
Often, the facade also adds the function of additional insulation of the walls of the house. Therefore, to save a maximum on the finishing material is not worth it, because too low price is often a sign of insufficient quality of products.
Criteria for selection of panels for finishing facades of private houses
Such a criterion as permissible conditions for the use of the material should be taken into account. Not every facade trim panel can withstand the low winter temperatures of the northern regions of the country. Therefore, if you live in a cold region, this parameter will be one of the determining factors in the selection.
It is advisable to look at the facing of the facade of neighboring houses, which lasted for several years. So you can clearly see how the finishing panels reacted to various external influences. The appearance of the house will tell a lot about the qualities of the material used.
Carefully study the characteristics of panels for cladding facades, paying particular attention to the following factors:
- environmental friendliness of the material;
- resistance to parasitic microflora (fungus, mold, moss) and insects;
- resistance to mechanical stress;
- combustibility class;
- moisture resistance;
- resistance to ultraviolet rays (fading);
- thermo and frost resistance;
- the term of operation declared by the producer;
- tear resistance;
- the correspondence of the relief and color pattern of the panels to the design decision of the facade finish;
- the number of auxiliary parts required for installation and the complexity of installation of the panels;
- ease of care.
Also separately calculate the cost not only of the plates themselves, but also of additional profile elements and a set of fixing materials that are necessary for installation.
The main types of panels for cladding facades of houses
Finishing plates vary in shape and size. Lining material can be made in the form of square or rectangular panels, "boards" of different widths. To simulate a material with a complex texture and relief, plates of complex shape are produced, ideally fitted for quick installation on walls. All options have a decorative protective coating.
The connection of the panels to each other and their fixation on the surface of the wall is carried out in various ways, which may also be more or less preferable.
Siding panels or “boards” of various materials
Long panels made of cement, metal or vinyl, most often imitate the shape and laying on the walls of wooden boards. Rectangular siding usually follows the relief and color of natural mineral materials.
Siding panels usually have a system of fasteners and locks. This cladding perfectly protects the walls from moisture, moreover, under it can be mounted thermal insulation, as a rule, it is one of the types of mineral wool.
To create a warmed facade with the use of any kind of siding for laying mats and mounting cladding on the walls fixed frame lathing. The subsequent fastening of the panels to the frame posts is done with the help of self-tapping screws with wide caps.
Polyurethane facade panels
Polyurethane panels have a number of qualities that make them indispensable for very cold regions. In the production of polyurethane mass in the production of panels, marble chips of small fraction are often added, which perform the functions of a reinforcing component.
The cellular structure of polyurethane for 96% consists of cavities filled with air, which makes it an excellent insulation and sound insulator. In addition, the material is wear-resistant, resistant to deformation and does not emit toxic substances into the environment.
The material is resistant to fungal formations and unpretentious in the care. Variants of polyurethane panels without a rigid base are excellent for designing curved surfaces - arched openings, columns and other facade elements.
Thermopanels consist of a decorative outer layer and insulation. The outer layer can be made of different materials - metal, polyurethane, clinker or polymer-sand tiles, etc. As a heater polystyrene foam or polyurethane foam is used with thickness from 40 to 100 mm.
Thermopanels can have different types of connections: "thorn-groove", "comb". Installation of the lining is carried out with the help of adhesive or foam with a low coefficient of expansion. For some models, it is possible and mechanical fastening to the wall of the house.
Among the features of this material it can be noted that it does not need to be installed on the wall frame crate, which greatly facilitates and reduces the cost of work on the finishing of the facade.Plates of thermopanels have high moisture resistance and low specific weight, however they have low resistance to open fire.
Metal plates for the facade are made of steel sheets, galvanized or coated with an alloy based on aluminum and zinc. There are also aluminum panels, but they are noticeably more expensive.
As a protective and decorative coating, several different polymeric resins are used:
- plastiizol with a matte or glossy sheen.
Plates are made in vertical and horizontal installation. For joining panels at their edges there are special locking elements. Installation of facing is carried out on the crate fixed on the wall. At observance of technology of installation of the panel will well protect the house from moisture influence.
Fiber cement panels
This type of cladding panels are made from a mixture of cellulose fibers, cement and mineral fillers. With proper installation of fiber cement plates will be an excellent protection for the facade. Installation is carried out on the frame, pre-fixed on the wall of the house. The plates are interconnected by means of the thorn-groove lock.
The panels are available in a huge assortment of relief patterns and colors. With their help on the wall you can imitate various stone or brick masonry, textured wood pattern or decorate the facade of the house in any architectural style.
The plates in the production must be covered with a protective layer of polyurethane or acrylic, and on the surface of some models is additionally applied a layer of stone chips. The thickness of fiber cement boards varies from 8 to 15 mm, respectively, and the weight can be from 16 to 30 kg / m².
The advantages of these cladding panels include their high frost and heat resistance, long service life, up to 30 years, resistance to ultraviolet radiation.
Fiber cement boards are resistant to erosion and corrosion, are not susceptible to infection by fungus or mold, have sound absorption properties, are resistant to temperature extremes and are not combustible. Manufacturers also declare the environmental safety of the material for people and the environment.
Design features of some cladding panels for facades
The cladding panels for finishing the walls of a private house are distinguished not only by the material, technical characteristics, shape and method of fastening, but also by the structural structure.
Conventionally, the structure is divided into three groups:
- Single-layer panels are used if you only need a decorative lining and protection of the house from wind, moisture and ultraviolet radiation. However, they do not have significant thermal insulation qualities and will not make the house warmer. Such facing material is chosen according to the criteria of different thickness and weight, given the ability of the walls to withstand a certain load. Such panels will be external cladding, under which the thermo-insulating construction made of mineral wool or other facade insulation is hidden.
- Double-layer panels (thermopanels) consist of insulating material and cladding fastened together. This option finishes and creates thermal insulation of the house, and protects against external factors, and decorates the facade.
- Three-layer plates, or sandwich panels, can sometimes perform a carrier function. They consist of insulation, lined on both sides with a thin decorative material - plastic, metal or even ceramics.
Facade panels are also divided into basement and wall. For finishing the basement part of the building foundation, slabs of thicker material are used, which makes them resistant to ground moisture and mechanical stress.Due to these qualities, many homeowners prefer to choose this material for facing the facade surface of the walls.
Date: 10.10.2018, 02:02 / Views: 55132
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